CNG, LNG, RNG fuelling stations – #2 Waste to Energy

ALERT – I made a big mistake. I did not research enough of this “Natural Gas” issue. You can find out what needs to be done first, HERE, before we can Happily go ahead with waste to fuel.

Natural Gas, Methane, Biogas, Biomethane, CNG – Compressed natural gas (methane stored at high pressure), LNG – Liquefied natural gas (methane + mix cooled down to liquid), RNG – Renewable Natural Gas (biomethane) = each slightly different but all interchangeable and describe methane-natural gas to use as energy.

In this post:
Renewable Natural Gas (Biomethane) Production (RNG) ,
We can’t have clean air without clean trucks and cars,
Biogas To RNG Projects: What, Why And How,
How Clean Energy and Waste Management turn trash into green fuel,
Waste Company is First to Inject Biogas into California Pipeline
…a list at the bottom of other posts about WasteRushes…..

RNG organization
Former Vice President Al Gore, left, supported alternative energy proposals by Mr. Pickens, here addressing a National Clean Energy Project forum in Washington in 2009. CreditRuth Fremson/The New York Times.

A bit of the Waste to CNG, LNG, RNG time line

1988 – Mr. T. Boone Pickens (Clean Energy Fuels Corp.) (oil investor) gets behind natural gas for cleaner transportation fuel, marketing to commercial fleet trucks
1991 T. Boone Pickens becomes Chairman of the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition, a national trade organization dedicated to growing a sustainable/profitable Natural Gas Vehicle (NGV) market
1993 – Municipal Solid Waste landfill criteria set for most landfills in the U.S.
1997 – Clean Energy Fuels Corp., now in Seal Beach, CA. buys SoCal Gas Co’s 33 natural gas fueling stations- in 1/2 year is selling akin to 2 Mil. (GGEs) natural gas fuel.
2000 – The EPA confirms link between Global Warming and Waste, showing that reducing our garbage and recycling cuts down greenhouse gas emissions.
2005 – The first Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS1) was passed by Congress as part of the Energy Policy Act (EPAct)
2007 – Clean Energy Fuels goes Corp. public on May 25 (NASDAQ: CLNE), raising $138 ml
2008Future of WTE – The waste-to-energy developments changing the industry
2010 – Clean Energy Fuels Corp. signs partnership with truck-stop operator Pilot/Flying J. to begin creating America’s Natural Gas Highway™.
2015 – Redeem, RNG gas (Clean Energy Fuels Corp.) sales top 50 million GGEs
2019 – Clean Energy operating 530+ natural gas fuelling stations in 43 states + Canada
2019The global waste to energy market was valued at approximately USD 28.43 billion in 2017 – expected to generate revenue of ~ USD 42.74 billion by the end of 2024, growing at a CAGR of around 6.00% between 2018 and 2024.


This is the Waste Rush ! (like the Gold Rush) Every one is trying to be the big winner! But if you ask me, there will be many winners and all on different levels.

Renewable Natural Gas (Biomethane) Production (RNG)
US Dept. of Energy: Alternative Fuels Data Center
Renewable natural gas (RNG), or biomethane, is a pipeline-quality gas that is fully interchangeable with conventional natural gas and thus can be used in natural gas vehicles. RNG is essentially biogas (the gaseous product of the decomposition of organic matter) that has been processed to purity standards. Like conventional natural gas, RNG can be used as a transportation fuel in the form of compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG). RNG qualifies as an advanced biofuel under the Renewable Fuel Standard.

With minor cleanup, biogas can be used to generate electricity and heat. To fuel vehicles, biogas must be processed to a higher purity standard. This process is called conditioning or upgrading, and involves the removal of water, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and other trace elements. The resulting RNG, or biomethane, has a higher content of methane than raw biogas, which makes it comparable to conventional natural gas.
For a list of projects that are upgrading gas for pipeline injection or use as vehicle fuel, see the Renewable Natural Gas Database developed by Argonne National Laboratory.

CNG filling stations map
https://afdc.energy.gov/stations/#/find/nearest Search by Location Find alternative fueling stations in the United States and Canada. — Biodiesel, CNG, Electric, Ethanol, Hydrogen, LNG, Propane – This map shows CNG stations.

We can’t have clean air without clean trucks and cars!

  • More than 175,000 Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs) on U.S. roads today and more than 23 million worldwide.
  • More than 1,600 CNG and 140 LNG fuelling stations in the U.S., and refuelling appliances are available for home use.
  • In the U.S., about 50 different manufacturers produce 100 models of light, medium, and heavy-duty NG vehicles and engines.
  • Conversion kits for gasoline or diesel to LNG/CNG are available in many countries, along with the labor to install them. 
  • SAVINGS – Heavy-duty, high mileage fleets consume enough fuel for owners and operators to see a pay back (ROI) in as little as 18–24 months.

Conversion Basics 

biomethane car conversion

The basics of engine and vehicle conversions.
An aftermarket conversion is a vehicle or engine modified to operate using a different fuel or power source. Conventional vehicles and engines from original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) can be converted to run on fuels like propane, natural gas, or electricity.

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has produced What Fleets Need to Know About Alternative Fuel Vehicle Conversions, Retrofits, and Repowers(PDF) 2017. The report discusses important considerations, “Pro Tips,” and best practices for converting vehicles to run on alternative fuels or Electricity.

A conversion system is installed by a qualified system retrofitter (QSR) who meets National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and/or California Air Resources Board requirements, as well as NFPA 58, in order to convert original equipment manufacturer vehicles.


Biogas To RNG Projects: What, Why And How

April 2019 There is a national trend to reposition biogas-producing assets into renewable vehicle fuel production facilities. Biogas is typically used to produce thermal energy, electricity, or is sometimes just flared. Interest in converting biogas to renewable natural gas (RNG / biomethane) and injecting it into commercial natural gas pipelines is at an all-time high.

The goal of this article is to help project developers, investors, utilities, agriculture, food production industries, and municipalities, to better understand the regulations driving new RNG projects and how projects are carried out.

biomethane volumes

RIN/RNG Pathway Fundamentals
Renewable Fuel Standard-1 (RFS1) required that all transportation fuel commercially sold in the United States must contain minimum volumes of renewable fuels.

Renewable Volume Obligations (RVO)
A schedule was proposed for increasing the amount of renewable fuels to be blended with transportation fuels each year until 2022, when 20 percent of all transportation fuels must come from renewable sources. — a little more each year– The original schedule established by Congress calls for 29 billion gallons of renewable fuel in 2019 but the industry is well short of producing this amount. So the 2019 RVO was set below the target volume at just under 20 billion gallons.

Each gallon of renewable fuel under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) is able to generate credits or “Renewable Identification Numbers” (RINs). RINs are classified by fuel types such as biodiesel, ethanol, renewable natural gas, and other approved renewable fuels. RIN classifications are further broken down according to the type of feedstock and processes used to create those fuels, along with the calculated reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG).

biomethane emmissions

Biogas to RNG can fall into the D5 or D3 RIN category depending on the feedstock processed. High demand exists for cellulosic biofuels – D3 RINs due to supply constraints. Approved D3 RIN pathways include renewable compressed natural gas produced from the following biogas sources:
• Landfills
• Municipal wastewater treatment facility digesters
• Agricultural digesters including ag residues and manures
• Separated municipal solid waste digesters
• Other cellulosic feedstocks with minimum 75 % cellulosic content.

biomethane injection infographic

Pipeline Injection Advantage
Pipeline injection RNG projects have a distinct advantage over liquid renewable fuels because the RFS recognizes the principle of displacement. RNG molecules are completely interchangeable with fossil natural gas molecules in the pipeline. Therefore, RNG can be injected into the natural gas distribution grid anywhere in the 48 contiguous states.
Figure 3 shows the four phases of a typical biogas-to-CNG transportation fuel pathway to generate generate credits or “Renewable Identification Numbers”.
Step 1: Anaerobic digestion facility generates biogas.
Step 2: Biogas is upgraded/purified to meet pipeline quality specifications for RNG.
Step 3: The pathway to demonstrate CNG end use is established. Commercial pipeline injection provides the necessary flexibility to connect to CNG end use.
Step 4: CNG is dispensed for transportation use at a fueling station.

Developing A Successful RNG Project, check list:

Identify Opportunity & Feasibility: 
Financing:
Feedstock Procurement:
Identify Pipeline Access:
Work with the Right Team:

Digestate Management
Permits:
Operations and Staffing:
Compliance:


How Clean Energy and Waste Management turn trash into green fuel
Well, not exactly “trash” but close………………

2014 Clean Energy and Waste Management Inc. are capturing landfill gas, wastewater treatment and/or Organic waste and turning it into an economically valuable commodity that replaces gasoline and diesel fuel. Provided that leaks are prevented when the landfill gas is captured, processed and distributed to consumers, the work of these two companies can help the climate and help California reach its pollution reductions goals. In addition, because processed landfill gas burns much cleaner than petroleum based fuels, using it in cars and trucks can result in cleaner air and other public health benefits.
Clean Energy Fuels Corp. produces a fuel named Redeem, available in either compressed natural gas or liquefied natural gas. Redeem is produced at landfills outside California and then pumped into pipelines for use in the state. in 2014, the company had already built and operates three biomethane facilities and estimated they would have 10 plants owned by third parties throughout the U.S. by the year’s end. The low carbon fuel receives carbon credits from the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard when it is used in the state, creating an opportunity for additional value.

Waste Management, Inc., in partnership with Linde North America, a gases and engineering company, built a facility in 2009 at the Altamont Landfill in Altamont, Calif., which produces liquefied natural gas from biomethane. Of about 1,500 natural gas trucks that Waste Management has in its fleet, approximately half already use the renewable liquefied natural gas. Where possible, Waste Management also makes liquefied natural gas available to the public. In total, according to Waste Management, the Altamont Landfill is responsible for 33,000 tons of CO2 reductions per year, the equivalent of eliminating emissions from nearly 7,000 passenger vehicles.

Redeem logo
RNG biomethane how to infographic
https://www.cleanenergyfuels.com/natural-gas-today/clean-energy-natural-gas

Among it’s Customer Resources you will find some interesting tools:

Clean Energy Opens RNG Fueling Station in New York City

Jul 12, 2019 Clean Energy Fuels Corp. on July 10 welcomed New York City officials, community leaders and environmental advocates to the opening of its newest natural gas fueling station in Hunts Point, N.Y.—the first station in New York City to exclusively offer renewable natural gas (RNG) for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle fleets.

“A few blocks from here is Hunts Point Market, the largest food distribution center of its kind in the world, resulting in approximately 15,000 truck trips per day,” said Chad Lindholm, vice president of sales for Clean Energy, in a statement. “This long-envisioned station will serve fleets operating in Hunts Point with a lower-cost alternative to diesel fuel that can lead to substantial reductions in truck-related pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.”

We, at Clean Energy can take RNG supply from whoever passes our quality requirements as an acceptable vendor for RNG supply.


Waste Company is First to Inject Biogas into California Pipeline

October 2018, “Cities that contract with us see their grass clippings and food waste come back to them as an ultra-clean fuel that powers the trucks that run in their communities,” says Paul Relis, senior vice president of CR&R.

CR&R’s endeavor was a pilot project of sorts. It used the established New Zealand Greenlane biogas clean up system but added a Portuguese system to produce a cleaner gas. This is the first time the Portuguese technology has been used in North America, according to Relis, who says it is how the company met California’s pipeline quality fuel mandate of 99 BTUs (British thermal units).

“We have folks visit from China, South Korea, Vietnam, the Philippines, France and other countries as well as from all over the U.S. They are reporting they have nothing that’s this technologically sophisticated,” says Relis

The project was attractive to SoCalGas, which recently announced it will streamline processes to support RNG projects. SoCalGas recently launched a new Renewable Gas website to provide general information on biogas derived renewable natural gas. It also developed a RNG gas toolkit for producers and developers wanting to interconnect to the pipeline.

biomethane RNG grid

What these guys are doing is building the Grid across the USA for greener fuel!

They are using Organic waste, Wastewater treatment and the Methane in Land Fills to make the fuel for this network. And they directed their marketing to……….
The Transportation/Delivery Industry
50% of the U.S. Gasoline & Diesel Supply
If they can do it, so can any other country on planet Earth!

It does not have to be such a big project and their’s is one that is happening one step at a time >> covering regions first….not the whole country at once.

So there is a growing supply grid for cleaner fuel.



BUT we need to eliminate the landfills completely!


Please keep this in mind.

There are dangerous natural gas emissions that we should remember:
Fracking – methane emissions – higher than previously reported.
• Loose pipe fittings and gas flaring at wells, greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to 20% of all human-caused methane emissions.
• At US power plants, natural gas power plants are just 40% cleaner than coal-fired power plants.

Capture and use of landfill gas – some environmental groups claim that the projects do not produce “renewable power” because trash (their source) is not renewable. The Sierra Club opposes government subsidies for such projects.  The Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) argues that government incentives should be directed more towards solar, wind, and energy-efficiency efforts.

The problem? Landfill gas is the third largest source of methane emitted in the United States (after natural gas production and gassy cows).

Leaky Methane. -Natural Gas the darker the dot the bigger the leak

While methane doesn’t linger as long in the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, it is initially far more devastating to the climate because of how effectively it absorbs heat.
In the first two decades after its release, methane is 84 times more potent than carbon dioxide.
In 2012, we kicked off a research series to better pinpoint methane leaks, and to find solutions. Now a summary of our 16 studies of the whole U.S. supply chain shows methane emissions are significantly higher than we thought,

Old pipes? Can you imagine how much biomethane leaks from old landfills?

The Rush for Gold> Waste is on!  I have a number of posts on the subject of Waste and what we can do with it:
Wasterush Tools! Right to the point!
Harvesting Waste Ideas. Waste Rushes? NOW!
Waste Plastic Upcycle Businesses – Opportunities, Opportunities!
For Hire – Ilan Katz – Environment Process Engineering – waste treatment
cellulosic ethanol – the best RNG – one of many DSM projects

Hard-To-Recycle Waste – What Do You Have? What Are You Looking For?

Clothes Eco-Ethical UX APPs – The Easy, The Helpful, The Encouraging

#5 Dry Toilet Sanitation Systems For Our Growing Population
#4 We Have 12 Years To Cool Off Planet Earth?
#2 The Beginning Of Wasted Water

ReManufacture, Reman, ReNewed

Anaerobic digestion in full swing – #1 Waste to Energy
CNG, LNG, RNG fuelling stations – #2 Waste-Energy
#3 municipal solid waste – MSW to BioFuel? Yes!

Your eco-concerns are the motive for my blog. Tell me what’s on your mind, good or bad.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.