In this post:
So, we humans are part of this cycle.
What’s the bottom line here?,
why is squatting easier,
how to prevent osteoarthritic knees and hips?,
Outer Space and such,
…a list at the bottom of 7 posts on the subject of water-sanitation-toilets
OK. One of the most basic closed-loop systems on planet Earth is “animals eat plants…and…”. The animals process nutrients from what they eat. Then they discharge their waste. Their waste gives nutrients to plants and starts the circle all over again. As we know this system never stops. It goes on and on. On every level of flora and fauna, plants and animals, food and humans. The waste becomes food for microbes which then process what they eat into nutrients for plants, the animals eat the plants and so the circle goes on.
So, we humans are part of this cycle.
How are we doing?
As populations grow, there is more and more of this specific closed-loop. It can be said, that humans have made it harder for nature to deal with it. We return to:
“In nature there are neither rewards nor punishment; there are only consequences.”
– Robert B. Ingersoll
If we are making it harder for nature. It means that we have to deal with the “consequences”.
I do not know what will spark your ideas. I believe it helps to look at lots of angles of this water-sanitation-toilet issue to find the vision that will spark a big disruption in the way “industrial countries” have built this system. So, I ask, what is there to consider about the toilet itself?
What’s the bottom line here?
The Toilet assists in the function of defecating, discharging feces, evacuating one’s bowels, relieving oneself, pooping. Defecating is what is necessary. How we do it is a matter of how we were trained, or convinced to do it. And this basic need goes on for each of us every day, all the years of our life.
You may think you are very lucky to have a flush toilet to sit on. And in many ways you are! But, aside from keeping things sanitary there is a problem with toilets that you sit on – like you sit on a chair. Many people believe that sitting is not the best position for humans to empty their bowels. They believe it is Squating –
In the late 60’s, one of the students graduating with me decided to consider “a re-design of the toilet”. His research lead him to learn that squatting was the best position for the human body to empty itself. He re-designed the toilet to have a ledge, step on the front of it, so that people could sit and then lift their feet to a squatting position. (This is the only change he made. Back then, it was not important to consider the water running through the toilet.)
A well known proctologist, Dr. Michael Freilich, once said: “[Humans are] not meant to sit on a toilet, but to squat in a field.” It is said that the human body structure is better suited to the squat.
Actually many doctors believe squatting is healthier. There is evidence (quite a list) that squatting can prevent and treat some body ailments.
Pictures of ancient public toilets tend to confuse westerners, who assume that they were used in the sitting position. They are elevated, not for sitting, but because there is an open sewer underneath.
So, why is squatting easier for the human body structure?
Physical Therapists recommend squatting – Brooke David, DPT:
“Many of my patients are surprised to learn, they have been going to the bathroom incorrectly for years. They are shocked at the relief they find in a few corrections to their basic voiding habits.”
Is this how to prevent osteoarthritic knees and hips?
THE FORGOTTEN ART OF SQUATTING IS A REVELATION FOR BODIES RUINED BY SITTING
It comes down to a simple matter of “use it or lose it,” says Dr. Bahram Jam, a physical therapist and founder of the Advanced Physical Therapy Education Institute (APTEI) in Ontario, Canada.
“Every joint in our body has synovial fluid in it. This is the oil in our body that provides nutrition to the cartilage,” Jam says. “Two things are required to produce that fluid: movement and compression. So if a joint doesn’t go through its full range—if the hips and knees never go past 90 degrees—the body says ‘I’m not being used’ and starts to degenerate and stops the production of synovial fluid.”
For sure, squatting makes a bowel movement easer to empty out, no matter what your age, even a soldier……….
That Afghan soldier introduced me to this ancient pooping custom, and I appropriated it. Squatting was mine to keep now.
The technique caught on like wildfire among the guys in my platoon. Soon, we were crapping all over Kandahar — in pomegranate orchards, in grape fields, on the floors of abandoned compounds, into the cold, clear waters of streams. >>>>”Open defecation”
In Afghanistan, I learned that the best way to take a dump is with your knees up and your back straight. But, when I came home…………………..
There’s a big park down the street from my apartment here in New York City. Maybe one day, I’ll muster up the courage to venture into the woods there and do an all-natural number-two. Or maybe I’ll just buy a Squatty Potty.
The popularity of squatting has increased and there is now a big market for squatting devices. These are just a few:
The Squatty Potty has turned into a gold mine business.
But those people are from industrial countries working with the flush toilet system – still Leaky Toilets.
All of the people who are still squatting outside, are in the right position to empty their bowls, but the wrong place for hygiene.
Lack of Hygiene can cause disease when untreated human feces are scattered around. It is a major cause of diarrhoea. “Open defecation” continues for a number of reasons. There is no toilet. The toilets are dirty, uncomfortable (elderly), or unsafe. Maybe it is a hard to break a habit, an ancient cultural or religious practice.
There are flush and latrine toilets that are designed for squatting.
Even in the bathroom that Keshav built in the movie “Toilet: A Love Story” there was such a squat toilet design, to sit and then raise your feet.
Bernelle Verster “This compendium of “dry toilets” that are not just aimed at ‘giving poor people toilets’ is a nice recent find: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/books/Contemporary_Toilet_Designs.pdf “
Toilets in a tiny closed environment:
In OUTERSPACE – stuck with a chair toilet.
A history of garbage in space (2018) , suggests that the current garbage scene on the International Space Station (ISS) is that about 80% of the water collected from the toilets, showers, and water vapor from the air is recycled. All the other garbage is exposed to the outer space in the airlock to kill microbial growth. Of this airlock exposed garbage, the toxic part it brought back to earth while the rest is burned up in the atmosphere.
Or maybe drop some steps in the closed-loop by transforming human waste directly into food.
Scientists have developed a method of converting human waste with microbes into a potential food source that could be used by astronauts on missions to Mars and beyond.
The microbe researcher at Pennsylvania State University added: “It’s a little strange, but the concept would be a little bit like Marmite or Vegemite, where you’re eating a smear of ‘microbial goo.’”
And then there are Train toilets.
Also just chair toilets.
The bowl flushes with considerable power. So forceful in fact that rumour has it Nasa was inspired by bullet train toilet design for the International Space Station.
Toilet waste goes into a tank under the train. Like many others around the world, some older trains in the UK still dump waste directly onto the tracks. “Do not flush in the station” signs are, apparently, largely ignored.”
>>> This is like “Open Defecation” in the middle of the city!
You could say that the state-of-the-art on re-inventing the toilet is going on as I write – 6-8 November in China.
A big Waste Rush !
biggest business opportunities
solving its biggest challenges.
The Gates Foundation already has 20 reinvented toilet and omni-processor (sludge treatment systems) technologies and products from the foundation’s portfolio of investments, now available for commercial licensing and production. Many are expected to meet newly published international standards, known as International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 30500, created to define operational requirements for reinvented toilet and other existing and future stand-alone, non-sewered sanitation technologies.
New technologies are business-ready. Now is the time to seize this opportunity and claim your part of a new global sanitation market.
Together, we can create a new era of safe sanitation for ALL.
Want to find out more about the practical business case, including user profiles, market analysis and product information? Click here
Such a complicated business….
It simply is not up-to-date for planet Earth’s present population.
We are punishing ourselves.
7 posts on the subject of water-sanitation-toilets, covering the following issues:
#1 Leaky toilets are everyone’s business!
#2 The beginning of Wasted Water.
#3 The natural way to empty our Bowels?
#4 We have 12 years to cool off planet Earth!
#5 Dry Toilet sanitation systems for our growing population
#6 Online Tools to Re-Invent with the Have-Nots.
#7 What is wrong with the Have’s? Plenty!