In this post:
Updates on Mycelium in Industries; Construction, Packaging, Textile, Furniture,
and other areas of interest…..research on phenomena such as fire safety, Mycelium in the Food Industry,
Mycelium and Oil,
Mycelium in Soil = CO2 absorption (use the links to learn more about each subject)
…at the bottom other posts & MycoComposite Material suppliers
As mentioned in the first of my posts on Mycelium,
Those that study the beginnings of planet Earth find that Mycelium probably were here first and built the atmosphere for planet Earth to make it possible for us to breath.
If Mycelium are the material of this planet’s beginnings, maybe Mycelium in Industry should push into the future and is the way to harmonise again with planet Earth?
More people world-wide are investigating the use of different Mushrooms to produce useful products that do just that.
Circular Construction Challenge
— Rethink Waste
From waste to biomaterial: Developing mycelium and waste-based materials for the building industry. One of 3 winning projects in Denmark’s “Circular Construction Challenge – Rethink Waste“, initiated by Realdania.
Mycelium and waste-based biomaterials have great market potential both nationally and internationally. Through co-creative processes new biomaterials will be developed for the building industry. Throughout the next six months we will:
>Complete material tests on different combinations of different mycelium species and waste types.
>Develop build-ability and fabrication protocols and
>Provide proof-of-concept through design and construction of acoustical panels, interior walls and a spatial structure.
>Document a business case for waste and mycelium-based biomaterials.
>Develop a knowledge-sharing platform.
“The possibilities for what we might use mycelium for are endless,” says Gitartha Kalita, a bioengineer at Assam Engineering College and Assam Don Bosco University in Guwahati, India. He and his colleagues have been using fungi and hay waste to create an alternative to wood for building. “Everything that we now call agricultural waste is actually an incredible resource that mushrooms can grow on. We have already degraded our environment and so if we can, we should replace the current materials with something that is going to hold up in some sustainable way. We can take our waste and turn it into something which is really valuable for us.”
Fully Bio-Based Hybrid Composites – Wood, Fungal Mycelium and Cellulose Nanofibrils. Overall, this novel composite system showed good physical and mechanical properties and has potential to replace formaldehyde-based composites.
Fungi, in combination with traditional building materials create a “smart concrete” that can heal itself as the fungi grows into any cracks that form, secreting fresh calcium carbonate – the key raw material in concrete – to repair the damage.
- A new self-healing concept is explored, in which fungi are used fill concrete cracks.•
- An initial screening of different species of fungi has been conducted.•
- Trichoderma reesei was found to be able to grow equally well with or without concrete.•
- Trichoderma reesei can promote the formation and precipitation of CaCO3.
Critical Concrete is an emerging educational/social initiative that stands separate from real estate development and promotes new mechanisms to rehabilitate social housing, improve public and cultural spaces shared by low-income communities.
BUILDING and RENOVATING WITH MUSHROOMS
Our aim is to explore natural solutions that could replace conventional materials while being equally efficient, more ecologically responsible and cost competitive. In our latest research we are focusing on the insulation properties of fungal mycelium and developing different kinds of prototypes to test and compare.
MYCELIUM CARDBOARD INSULATION
PRODUCING MYCELIUM INSULATION
As a summary of the knowledge we developed during the 2018 Summer School, this article has two aims :
• Submit a DIY (Do It Yourself) protocole to produce mycelium insulation panels, as we did with cardboard and wool insulation, measuring the technology’s costs, main disadvantages and benefits.
• Define Critical Concrete’s own recipe to produce cheap, performant and ecological mycelium insulation through the bricks experiment.
The Waste Rush is not as fast a “rush” as the Gold Rush. In a way that is too bad, because the urgency is greater now. But however fast it goes, maybe we should establish Waste Rush winners…of which Ecovative Design, looks like it might be one of the first in the area of Mycelium in Industry.
There’s magic in those mushrooms
In the 1967 film The Graduate, 21-year-old Benjamin Braddock, played by Dustin Hoffman, receives a bit of career advice from one of his parents’ friends: “One word: plastics.” >>>In a 2019 remake, that line might well become, “One word: mushrooms.”
….. Meanwhile, Ecovative’s Grow It Yourself (GIY) line, conceived for students, artists and designers, continues to, well, grow. “We never expected it to become so popular,” said Bayer. “We sell an inexpensive bag of material that allows you to produce up to two tonnes of mycelium-based products in your kitchen or garage, and have been surprised to see that some people have used it to start boutique businesses.”
- They have launched a website just for their packaging business, exclusively: https://mushroompackaging.com/
- already considered a Key leader in the Packaging industry Protective Packaging Market 2019 Global Key Leaders Analysis | Sealed Air, Smurfit, Pregis, ACH,IVEX, Unisource, Ecovative Design and others
- continue to investigate all what mycelium can do by experimenting in the vegan meat industry. How Ecovative is making plant-based steaks out of mushroom material – A form of Ecovative’s mycelium: MycoFlex, which is being studied for the cosmetics and faux leather industry, may also have a use in the meat industry – Dozens of startups in recent years have been testing new ways to make plant-based meats. But few companies have found an effective way to make lab-grown steak or chicken, which make up a majority of the $200 billion meat industry
- listed as one of 13 alternatives to plastic packaging: https://www.thestrategydistillery.com/news/13-plastic-alternatives/
Another Kickstarter Textile success for Mycelium
The World’s First Mushroom Wooden Watch
April 12, 2019 – 123 backers pledged S$ 27,395 to help bring this project to life.
Mycotech in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, is moving methodically into various industries with their own Mycelium research. They may be another Waste Rush winner….
“We are a rare startup , based on biotechnology research,” said Arekha Bentang, CTO of Mycotech and a graduate of the Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB) Biotechnology, West Java.
>>Mycotech has already developed BIOBO a mycelium board composite, which has test results from the Queensland university laboratory in Australia, that BIOBO can withstand fire up to 600 degrees Celsius.
>>They supplied the mycelium production for the MycoTree spatial branching structure
>> and now they are starting to market Mylea.
Faux-leather made from mycelium, that they call mylea.
We created Mylea as an alternative to leather which is such a huge user of energy, polluting chemicals, risk to the health of its labor force and contributor to global warming. “Luxury fashion is spending millions of dollars on environmentally friendly materials,” Adi Reza, CEO of Mycotech, said. Adi and his friends market their mylea to the world from Indonesia, with a marketing office in the UK.
World Alliance for efficient solutions, includes
Carole Collet, the head of the Design & Living Systems Lab at the Central Saint Martins School in London, explores the potential of fungal mycelium for developing a biodegradable treated fabric surface and finding more sustainable alternatives to the textile industry, which is one of the most polluting in the world.
And Aniela Hoitink continues her work in collaboration with fashion designer Karin Vlug researching how to improve Body-Based modelling for MycoTEX
and MycoTEX shopper – improving the material
London-based designer Nir Meiri has created a series of table lamps using mushroom mycelium, as an alternative to synthetic materials.
The shades for each of the minimal table lamps are made from mycelium – the vegetative part of a fungus – while more conventional metal forms the stand and base. Each lamp is lit from below by a separate light source, which projects onto the mycelium shade to create a soft, natural glow.
carlo ratti associati has unveiled a series of architectural structures made of mushrooms, which has been presented as part of milan design week 2019. the installation, ‘the circular garden’, was grown over the past six weeks — and will be returned to the soil at the end of the month. Each of the four structures includes a sequence of arches, that together comprise one kilometer of mycelium. the project experiments with sustainable structures that can grow organically and then return to nature in a fully circular way.
other areas of Mycelium interest
For those looking to satisfy the scientific/technological aspects of Mycelium for their projects:
Advanced Materials From Fungal Mycelium: Fabrication and Tuning of Physical Properties, January 2017
The fibrous mycelium materials studied in this work can be a realistic alternative to petroleum-based plastics, presenting additional features to some biopolymers produced by bacteria such as bacterial cellulose and P(3HB). Since many developed countries are progressively adopting the use of sustainable materials as a strategy to reduce environmental pollution, these new mycelium-based materials strongly support this strategy. The developed mycelium-materials are natural polymeric composites (chitin, cellulose, proteins, etc.) that require minimum energy for production (self-growing), and their characteristics can be tuned by modifying their nutrient substrates. Hence, this work can pave the way for the controlled self-growth of a variety of functional mycelium-materials in large amounts with low costs.
Thermal Degradation and Fire Properties of Fungal Mycelium and Mycelium – Biomass Composite Materials
We found that Mycelium possesses certain flame-retardant properties (e.g. high char residue and release of water vapour) and could be used as an economical, sustainable and fire-safer alternative to synthetic polymers for binding matrices.
Mycelium in the Food Industry
MycoTechnology‘s ClearTaste effectively blocks the perception of bitterness. By blocking the bitterness, the food industry can use less sugar to overcome a negative flavor profile.
PureTaste is one of the few plant based proteins with a perfect 1.0 PDCAAS score, containing all essential amino acids needed to maintain health. The Next Generation of Plant Based Protein. PureTaste is a breakthrough clean label plant based protein. It is made functionally and nutritionally exceptional through our innovative shiitake mushroom fermentation process.
What about Oil?
The Petroleum Spill Problem – 2010 – BP oil spill disaster and how myco-remediation and help.
What about Grass on roofs?
Mycelium, Soil and CO2 absorption/sequestering
Forests and grass lands are one of the methods that scientists believe can significantly lower the levels of CO2 in our atmosphere….
“Forests, oceans and soils can all remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it,” says Christa Anderson, a climate researcher from the World Wide Fund for Nature in the US.
HiveMind wondered if it was possible to mitigate CO2 emissions using a blend of mycelium species. We developed a protocol based on the ground-breaking work of mycologist Paul Stamets.
A small series of grants were given for a pilot test in Chicago. Over the next five years, we discovered three results:
1.) The mycelium not only helped the plants sequester more CO2, but 40% of the plant’s carbon stayed in the mycelium matrix in the soil even after the plant died,
2.) The mycelium also outcompeted N2O producing microbes. That’s significant because N2O has 298 times the heat trapping capacity of CO2,
3.) The plants thrived through drought, pollution, and heat waves more successfully than non-inoculated plants thus increasing oxygen production.
HiveMind is now working with Cummins Diesel, Shell Oil, and a half dozen other fortune two hundred companies to sequester over 100 million metric tons of CO2.
HiveMind is actively seeking corporate partners, NGOs (Non-governmental organizations), and private landholders. People who want to build carbon vaults to sequester from 100 tons to a Gigaton of CO2e.
Get in touch to find out what we can do for your organization, company, community.
How HiveMind affects the Climate Change Crisis
HiveMind uses a blend of mycelium that has been proven to capture and sequester significant amounts of atmospheric CO2 and safely contain it in the soil. Hivemind’s technology can sequester a gigaton of CO2e in one site the size of Central Park. And the drawdown cost is $35 per metric ton compared to $100 for mechanical solutions. The best part is that our process is powered by photosynthesis!
Does this sound like a Waste Rush story? Let’s get going!
In 2002, two mycologists wondered if atmospheric CO2 could be sequestered in soil using ectomycorrhizal mycelium. The academic literature said it was possible, but there was no work in the field showing real-world results. They developed a unique blend of mycelium and applied it to dozens of sites in Chicago, including green roofs, urban farms, and vacant lots. Soil samples measuring carbon content before inoculation and one year after were tested – and the results were astounding. This mycelium was able to sequester up to one hundred tons of CO2 and N2O in sites as small as 500 square feet (about 46 meters square).
Despite these astounding results, there wasn’t a carbon market in the US at that time. The two mycologists left this project for other ideas.
Fast forward to 2015 – Joseph Kelly, an entrepreneur and environmental activist, met one of the mycologists at a conference on climate change. Kelly bought the rights for the technology and invested his life savings to rebrand the company, revived the technology, and pitched it to hundreds of the world’s largest CO2 emitters. He was optimistic that after the signing of the Paris Agreement, companies would be looking for drawdown solutions that didn’t rely on fossil fuels. By 2016 Cummins Diesel, the world’s 7th largest CO2 emitter, was interested in working with HiveMind to help them meet their carbon budget – they needed to eliminate 16.5 million tons of CO2 by 2025.
HiveMind has partnered with WeFunder to raise seed money; $107,000. They are offering an early adopter discount of 20%. This gives investors an opportunity to support HiveMind and join the fight against climate change. Learn more on their campaign page at WeFunder.
There is more than one way to drawdown and capture CO2.
Let’s get all of them going….Mycelium is ready today in the soil around you. Put some on your roof, too with HiveMind’s help.
NYC Passes Bold New Legislation Requiring Green Roofs on New Buildings – and Much More
Requiring Green Roofs on City Buildings
We’ve already seen the revolutionary benefits of green roofs in action. From places like Brooklyn Steel, the Barclays Center, the Javits Center, and the USPS Morgan Processing and Distribution Center. They cool down cities by mitigating Urban Heat Island Effect, cut energy costs, absorb air pollution, reduce storm-water runoff, promote biodiversity, make our cities more livable for all (…..AND drawdown CO2 emissions !!!!! )
In additional posts, you can take a look at Mycelium in:
Mycelium R&D Projects
Mycelium in Fashion Marketing – One Approach
May 2019 Mycelium in Industry update: Construction, Packaging, Textile, Furniture, +
June 2019 Mycelium Composites? Hands-on – How to do it yourself
October 2019 Mycotecture? more-Mycelium in Construction
March 2020 “Mycelium in Industry” Where else can you get information, help, assistance?
March 2020 Mycelium in Construction?…some tangible progress
….all of which can be what was discussed on the first post in this series; the foundation of thousands of Local Future Businesses – The Mycelium Industry – Ancient and New
Suppliers of Mycelium Composite Material, around the world:
>Mr. Russell Whittam, www.aussimushroomsupplies.com.au,
I’ve done lots of work with universities the last few years; supplying them with substrate and how to make their own materiel, etc. as well.
I’ve got a new product coming out about mid-2020 – for making things – just add water, spawn and mold the material. Then let it grow. Contact him at: [email protected]
>Ecovative Design is closing a license agreement for Australia. Write to them to get specifics.
>Grown.bio – has a license agreement with Ecovative Design.
their new MycoComposite™ kits consist of only LIVING mushroom material and are supplied to the EU countries. Possible also for geographical Europe, but customs clearances must be taken care of by the person making the order.
Grown.bio is now supplying the Mycelium Composite ™ material to insulate buildings. They have insulated class rooms in an Amsterdam school building and in a house in a village near Rotterdam. Scroll down to Building & Architecture products here. They have supplied the MycoComposite™ to many of the projects taking place in Europe, recently, that have been mentioned in my posts. Grown.bio sells other things made from MycoComposite™.
>MYCOTECH has an internship, offer. It makes a lot of sense to get some controlled experience with mycelium. MYCOTECH produces and sells, mycelium board composite panels BIOBO, and supplied the labor and material for the MycoTree project.
> Bio Fab NZ a new website that Ecovative has lincensed in New Zealand.
> The Magical Mushroom Company a new website that Ecovative has lincensed in the UK.
>Grow-It-Yourself Kits for MycoComposite™ are now available direct from Ecovative’s Grow.bio. Here you will find all instructions, learning, and purchasing information. Grow.bio, however, only ships the MycoComposite™ material within North America.
>Ecovative Design has transferred all their Mushroom Packaging production equipment to a facility 4x bigger at Paradise Packaging Co. The new company and new website offer you more information about the mushroom packaging material and how it works. As always, the company is also happy to discuss licensing.
>The Mushroom Guru, Ash Gordon, that assisted Ms. Katy Ayers with her Myconoe, would be happy to “help people grow mycelium and mushrooms in any capacity“. Nebraska Mushroom LLC, [email protected]
>>>more places around planet Earth:
From Ecovative: “We are finalizing licenses that will soon bring MycoComposite™ to Western Asia, Northern Africa, and Southern Europe. Ecovative receives dozens of licensing inquiries a week. We are establishing licenses to serve markets around the world, in order to reduce cost and carbon footprint when shipping material. A license is in the works for Australia. If you don’t see your location listed now, you can be sure Mushroom® Packaging will be available in your region, soon. Contact Ecovative to get specifics.
If you know about or are a Mycelium Material supplier, or offer a course in using Mycelium Material, PLEASE let me know. So I can add you to the list!