6 Reasons Why We Need to Stop Burning Garbage! Now!

A HOT Summer Solstice 2024

- 6 Reasons Why We Need to Stop Burning Garbage! Now!

The Heat is up in the 40’s Celsius
……….reaching for the 50’s

18 June, 2024
49.4 C in Iraq
120.92 Fahrenheit

BURNING Anything Today is not a good idea because: there are too many of US doing it, and
Incinerating Garbage is Dirty & Hot….Very Hot.

Stop Burning Garbage

OK, we know Landfills are a problem – too many of them.
….there just is not enough space left, where most people live, to keep piling up garbage next to every human community.
Incinerating / burning, that garbage to make it disappear, causes other Big problems*.

We want 2 BIG things
1. We want to make energy from Municipal Solid Waste, without creating more emissions!
2. We want to see Municipal Solid Waste – disappear

Present processes still can only help one of those 2 problems.
a. Landfills do not make Garbage disappear, but have Landfill Gas to make Electricity.
b. Incinerators make the Garbage disappear only by burning it to make a little Electricity. The 6th reason below

Stop Burning Garbage

Today, there are too many of US humans
on planet Earth starting fires.
It is too harmful to our Climate for all of us to freely Burn Stuff.
Too Much Smoke and Greenhouse Gases!

Lets talk about Burning Stuff
the Process of Combustion

what you need to make a fire  Stop Burning Garbage- 6 Reasons Why We Need to Stop Burning Garbage! Now!

Fire: the visible effect of the process of “combustion” – a special type of chemical reaction. It occurs between oxygen in the air and some sort of fuel.
The fuel must be heated to its ignition temperature for combustion to occur. The reaction will keep going as long as there is enough heat, fuel and oxygen. This is known as “the fire triangle”.

The by-products from the result of the chemical reaction of “combustion” are completely different from the starting materials.

As fires burn, carbon stored in trees and other vegetation or stuff combust, releasing carbon dioxide and other potent greenhouse gases such as Nitrous Oxide, Dioxins, etc., into the atmosphere. This means that as the number of fires increases so do emissions.

All burning” poses risks to the environment and public health.
~Smoke pollutes the air we breathe.
~Ash pollutes our soil, groundwater, lakes, rivers and streams.
~Emissions go up into our atmosphere that heats our climate.
Burning anything in the outdoors can cause a wildfire.

Burning wood as ‘renewable energy’ ? In reality, it destroys priceless ecosystems and does NOT reduce carbon emissions….it is NOTclean renewable energy”….burning trees for energy emits more carbon dioxide than coal or gas. It literally worsens the climate and biodiversity crisis.

Stop Burning Garbage

The bad things about incineration are rather compelling! …Here are 6

London’s 300+ years of Polluted Air

  • If you had lived in London in the 1800’s, where the industrial revolution started using coal, you might very well have suffered from the pollution in that city in the winter time – many did and died! The point is that it was the action of “so many people burning” in a densely populated area that polluted the air and threatened their health.
  • from 1700 on, London experienced a worsening of air pollution decade after decade. Over the course of two centuries the suspended particulate matter in London’s air doubled. But at the very end of the 19th century the concentration reached a peak…
  • “Hell is a city much like London — A Populous and Smoky City” Shelley
  • London Fog: Air pollution from burning wood or coal was nothing new to London – complaints about the city’s dirty atmosphere exist as far back as the 13th century – but the population explosion and industrialisation of the 1800’s aggravated both the severity of the fogs and their lethal effects on Londoners.
    Sulphur dioxide and Soot emitted from chimneys mixed with the natural vapour of the Thames Valley to form a layer of greasy, acrid mist that shrouded the city up to 240 feet (75 metres) above street level.  Its most common colour was a greenish-yellow “pea soup”.
  • Burning in a closed space like your home?
Stop Burning Garbage   No need for black ceilings- 6 Reasons Why We Need to Stop Burning Garbage! Now!
  • you may find black dirt on your ceiling. Yes, it has been measured. The particulates in the air of your home, when you are burning wood in your fire place, has been found to be harmful pollution. And if you do not believe that, how about the fact that the taverns of old, that were lit by candles and heated by wood had black ceilings.

Waste incineration is the dirtiest and least efficient way to generate electricity. Coal power plants are widely termed as the most air-polluting source of energy, but the data shows how much worse trash incinerators are for air quality compared to a coal power plant.

Stop Burning Garbage  even coal has less harmful emissions- 6 Reasons Why We Need to Stop Burning Garbage! Now!

Waste incinerators release 28 times as much dioxin than coal4, 2.5 times as much carbon dioxide (CO2)4, twice as much carbon monoxide5, three times as much nitrogen oxides (NOx)4, 6-14 times as much mercury, nearly 6 times as much lead, and 70% more sulfur dioxides4 (Figure 2). 

Figure 2: Number of times more polluting waste incineration is compared to coal

  • Air pollutants such as particulate matter, which cause lung and heart diseases. Heavy metals such as lead and mercury, which cause neurological diseases. Toxic chemicals, such as PFAS and dioxins, which cause cancer and other health problems.
  • Smoke is comprised of a mixture of gaseous pollutants (e.g., carbon monoxide), hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) (e.g., polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons [PAHs]), water vapor, and particle pollution.  “Particle pollution” (also referred to as particles, particulate matter, or PM) is a general term for a mixture of solid and liquid droplets suspended in the air. There are many sources of particle pollution; the most common is combustion-related activities…. Particles can be made up of different components, including acids (e.g., sulfuric acid), inorganic compounds (e.g., ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, and sodium chloride), organic chemicals, soot, metals, soil or dust particles, and biological materials (e.g., pollen and mold spores). The more various the MSW burned in an Incinerator, the more hazardous it is to our health.
  • Monetized Health & Environmental Impact of Incineration
Stop Burning Garbage   Landfills have less emissions- 6 Reasons Why We Need to Stop Burning Garbage! Now!
MSW – Biomass incinerator being planned for your community?
Contact us for help! https://www.energyjustice.net/
  • Incineration is NOT “the final disposal” – It requires landfills. It is a myth that waste incinerators eliminate the need for a landfill. About 30% of pollutants still remain as fly ash, bottom ash, boiler ash, slag and wastewater treatment sludge, deposited in landfills for generations to come. Residual ash contains a wide variety of toxic compounds and elements like heavy metals and dioxins and these toxic pollutants can leach into the groundwater, rivers, and soil. 
  • Life Cycle Analysis proves that incineration (and landfilling ash) is far worse than direct landfilling, even after factoring in the cost of much larger transportation distances. Long-haul truck or rail to landfill sites amounted to only about 3% of the greenhouse gas impacts of landfilling. … Incineration at the Montgomery county’s incinerator has health and environmental impacts totaling $258.58/ton while landfilling (average of 10 landfills studied) totaled $80.15/ton — impacts that are more than three times lower than incineration. 2023
  • Incineration encourages waste NOT resource capture = recyclling Most of the materials, currently disposed of in incinerators, can be reused, recycled or composted. Incineration plants demand a guaranteed continuous stream of waste to run the plant, resulting as a major factor to generate more waste and hinder waste reduction. Incineration not only destroys these valuable materials, but it also irretrievably transforms them into exhaust fumes/emissions, poisons, ash, dust, and more heat…. Incinerators represent unfettered consumerism, wasteful packaging, and irresponsible producer behaviour. They also place cities on a path of an expensive and inefficient technology dependence.
  • The main criticism is that it is simply too big and there is NOT enough local waste to feed the huge furnaces. The Amager Bakke incinerator, Copenhagen, Denmark……
    “It was never constructed in a size which fitted the waste available in the the five municipalities in Copenhagen,” says Jens Peter Mortensen, an environmental expert at The Danish Society for Nature Conservation. “We argued that of course we should recycle, then we should reuse. So there was no reason for constructing such a big incinerator.”
    Incinerators import waste from overseas to feed the giant furnaces. By 2024, Copenhagen’s big incinerator forecasts that almost half of the material it burns will be imported waste and biomass.
  • Incineration undermines zero waste objectives Cities are often required to enter into contracts for guaranteed amounts of waste, and loans to pay for the upfront cost of the facility can take cities decades to repay. This strongly discourages waste reduction and material recovery, resource capture, recycling and reuse, taking away the incentives to transition towards sustainable, zero waste objectives.
  • The Green Party, in the UK, has warned that incineration could outstrip recycling in England in under two years if measures are not taken to curb the burning of waste.
    In the report’s introduction, Baroness Jenny Jones, the only Green peer in the House of Lords states: ‘There is every chance that some of the plastics, cardboard and paper that people took care to separate for recycling will end up being burnt alongside everything that was thrown in the [incinerator] waste bin. … She continues: ‘There is a logic to generating energy from the waste that we cannot recycle or reuse, but it is meant to be the last resort option. What we have created instead is a market-driven system of incinerators which constantly need to be fed.’
  • All incinerators are a massive waste of energy.
  • Incineration companies happily point out that the waste they burn would otherwise be sent to landfills. However, what they fail to mention is that household waste is an extremely inefficient [source of] fuel. The World Energy Council found that not only is waste-to-energy incineration an expensive means of generating energy, but kilogram for kilogram, burning waste can produce only as little as 10% of the energy of coal and 7% cent the energy of natural gas while producing many times more pollution.
  • Incineration is the most expensive and inefficient way to deal with waste. The majority of what is in Toronto’s and other city’s ‘garbage’ isn’t garbage, and should be recycled, composted, or reused to conserve more energy [and recapture resources].
  • Waste incinerators are dirty and expensive Incinerators have proven risky investments for cities and utilities, particularly as energy prices decline and a growing number of them are unable to cover operating costs or remain competitive.
  • Incinerators are inefficient The EU social enterprise reuse, repair and recycling group, RREUSE, recently found that for every job an incinerator creates, recycling centres create 36 jobs, and reuse activities create 296 jobs.
  • The business case doesn’t stack up. June 2023 – A company called SIRRL that is proposing to build a waste to energy incinerator at Waimate, New Zealand had its consent application rejected twice by Environment Canterbury due to a lack of information, but on a third attempt, it was accepted recently on 15th May for assessment under the RMA “by a narrow margin”. … SIRRL says the $350 million waste to energy incinerator they plan to build would burn “up to 365,000 tonnes of solid waste a year” and produce “up to 30 MW (megawatts) of electricity”. That’s a huge sum of money to generate a very small amount of electricity.
  • Waste-to-energy [incinerators] is the most expensive way to generate energy and handle waste February 2022 – According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, a new waste incinerator facility may cost as much as €7.454 per kilowatt-hour. That is roughly twice as much as coal-fired power. Besides, the cost of operating and maintaining a waste incinerator is ten times higher than coal.
  • Zero waste takes off June 2024 – … While the movement toward zero waste gains strength and momentum, so do the economic and environmental challenges that threaten us. Consider, for example, between 2012 and 2022, Maryland energy providers spent about $100 million subsidizing trash incinerators through that state’s Renewable Portfolio Standard. A bill in the state legislature eliminated these payments and saves the state another $200 million between 2023 and 2030, according to testimony by Clean Water Action before the Maryland State Legislature in March.
2 min – Edmonton Incinerator; no expansion please – new alternatives
2 min – Miramar city leaders, residents rally against incinerator construction

AirAir is part of the incinerator’s combustion requirements, but as a result of combustion the Air becomes part of the emissions problem too!
ByProduct: AshAsh pollutes our soil, groundwater, lakes, rivers and streams. The Ash resulting from incineration must be disposed of most likely in a landfill if not used in construction materials. It is a myth that waste incinerators eliminate the need for landfills;  30% of pollutants still remain.
CombustionThere must be combustion to make heat from fire and run the Electric Generators. Keep in mind: that there are other ways to make Electricity, that do not require combustion, fire and emissions, with or without making Garbage disappear.
Emissions?Highly toxic emissions, Dioxins and furans and CO, CO2, N2O, particulate matter. Emissions from incineration must be filtered before they leave the incinerator adding to the cost.
Energy EfficiencyProduces only 10% of the energy of coal and 7% the energy of natural gas with much more pollution.
Energy Produced
only Fire, Heat and Steam to make Electricity.
In the winter, the Steam can be used, through a web of pipes, to heat surrounding community buildings.
If the incinerator closes what to do with the pipes?
FeedstockMunicipal Solid Waste (MSW),
!!!!!!! and if there is not enough, more must be imported from overseas to feed the incinerator.
Feedstock PreparationNo preparation needed of the feedstock for the fire
Percentage of MSW that disappears90% – 96%
What starts the Combustion?fossil and other kinds of fuel
Smoke?Black Smoke! that pollutes the air we breathe and heats our skies  – see Emissions
Notice that all incinerators have a smoke stack.
Source of electric generationFire and Steam
Temperature range of the combustionFire of 400 degrees Fahrenheit up to 9000 degrees Fahrenheit (200 to 4980 degrees Celsius)
Don’t tell me that this process does not add to the HEAT in our atmosphere

Stop Burning Garbage

OK make the Garbage (MSW) disappear, but don’t burn it!
There are cleaner ways!

How would you like to see your garbage disappear, but without burning, and produce useful Gas instead, that can make fuel or Electricity………

How To Get More Electricity For Your Community – Worldwide
from your Garbage without Burning!

All Sorts of posts on other ways to get the Energy from Waste!

posts on Cleaner Renewable Gases – Fuel or Electricity
Anaerobic Digestion In Full Swing – #1 Waste To Energy?
CNG, LNG, RNG Fuelling Stations – #2 Waste To Energy
#3 Municipal Solid Waste – MSW To BioFuel? Yes!

Landfill Gas (LFG) – Fuel or Electricity – Capture Methane
ALL Islands: Just Go Zero – NOW! – Like Tilos
Look To Garbage Dump Sites For The Energy We Need! Sure Fire!
Landfill Gas Projects Worldwide – – – Clean Up The Air, Now!
SMALL Landfills – Capture The Methane And Make Energy, Too.
The Most Compelling Issue, Right Now! – -Climate Or Waste?
Why We Need To Capture Landfill Gas – – -Right Now!
How To Get More Electricity For Your Community – Worldwide

INVESTING in LFG – Capturing the Methane!
Cleaner Energy Investments! Time To Invest In Your Landfill!
CH4 Investments Urgent! Today! Landfill Gas (LFG)

what needs to be cleaned up
Too Much Methane !
Why We Need To Capture Landfill Gas – – -Right Now!
The Greenhouse Gases List …..A Re-Review
The “Relief” Of Phasing Out Fossil Fuel! …Now!
Finally In The Mood To Phase Out Fossil Fuel? Environment
Finally In The Mood To Phase Out Fossil Fuel? People-Civic
Finally In The Mood To Phase Out Fossil Fuel? – Governance
We CAN Deal With The #1 Mistake: Fossil Fuel – Today

cleaning up the mess
Fossil Fuel Is Ancient Waste. But, There’s Plenty Of Waste Now!
Can We, Are We Pulling In The Excess CO₂ ?
Fuel From Air? – Capture CO₂
Carbon Dioxide – Who Else Has Ideas To Pull It DOWN And OUT?
We Need To USE THE CO2! …..For Industry – Big Market!

Urban Mining for clean energy
Urban Mining ! – More Important Than Ever
Critical Minerals & Rare Elements! ….. COLOSSAL WASTE RUSH

Other approaches to waste to energy:
Useful Green WASTE Business Ideas That Scale To Any Size
Harvesting Waste Ideas. Waste Rushes? NOW!
Climate Retrofits On Land Or At Sea
Shipping’s Carbon Footprint And Your Small Business >> Your Vote
Industrial Zone – Closed-Loop Networking
Cellulosic Ethanol – One Of Many DSM Sustainability Projects
We Need To USE THE CO2! …..For Industry – Big Market!

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