People are starting again!
In this post: with clicks to those at the bottom
City Organic Waste Collection and Composting,
Organic Waste to Energy
Waste to Energy and BioChar
msw-to-biofuel – focus on local waste of any kind!
Carbon Dioxide waste emissions to 100% CO2 Clean Hydrogen fuel
Have budget cuts caused by the pandemic stopped food waste collection services in your community? Maybe this is a new business for you!
People like Vivian Lin, who was working for an architecture firm, have started composting businesss, helping to fill the void after the city suspended curbside organic waste collection.
In May, Ms. Lin created a private composting service almost overnight. Her idea was simple: For a small fee, New Yorkers could give her their kitchen scraps and yard waste to recycle. Additionally, for a few extra dollars she would provide them with fresh produce from local farmers.
The first few weeks of the program were hectic, as she filled friends’ cars with pungent buckets of rotting food. Eventually, she swapped the cars for U-Haul vans, but still could barely keep up with demand. Two months in, Ms. Lin, 25, quit her job at an architecture firm to pursue the project, called Groundcycle, full time.
Right around Earth Day and at the peak of COVID-19 in New York City (NYC), farmers were struggling to distribute their produce and the city had suspended all composting options, so we thought to close the loop between produce + compost by doing farm-fresh food deliveries + organic waste pickups.
We spread the word among friends and started doing our door-to-door Bin Swaps.
The city eliminated two essential programs: the citywide residential Brown Bin collection and compost drop-offs at Greenmarkets.
We realize that the current need for composting in NYC is much greater than we can accommodate by serving people individually, so we are also setting up Compost Hubs giving more people access to food scrap drop-offs. Let’s #saveourcompost together.
Ground Cycle options
We offer a door-to-door service where you can order farm-fresh produce and we will swap it for your compost scraps. The exchange is done on a weekly or biweekly basis in Groundcycle’s 5-gallon bin.
Sites open to the public a few hours a week for compost drop-offs on a pay-what-you-can basis.
The City program had yet to reach much of South Brooklyn, Queens and the Bronx. (Ms. Lin, who lives in Brooklyn’s Midwood neighborhood, has never had the option to request curbside organics pick-up.)
Composting was only offered to certain areas, which “left out a lot of Black and brown communities,” said Ceci Pineda, 30, the executive director of BK ROT, a bike-powered food-waste collection and composting service based in Bushwick, Brooklyn.
Welcome to BK ROT!
We are NYC’s first bike powered food waste hauling and composting service
BK ROT is a community centered, closed loop, fossil-fuel free approach to hauling and composting commercial food waste in NYC. We represent a localized green economy rooted in the principles and values of environmental justice. BK ROT creates space for the leadership of young people of color who disproportionately face the consequences of environmental destruction and yet whose visions and values are excluded from the dominant policy and design strategies for urban sustainability.
The Waste Rush !
(like the Gold Rush) There will be many winners and all on different levels. Scaled to what is needed in each community.
Is Smaller Better?
The world populations are moving into cities, but there are also movements that believe that smaller is better and that “local commerce” will form part of the economies of the future. They point out that long distance shipping is maybe not the greatest idea. Smaller “waste-to-energy solutions” would be a little less risky and quicker ROI. Here’s a discussion of Organic Waste Managment of different sizes.
There are lots of people who are already to help you set up your own anaerobic digester, based on your size and economic restrictions for your food waste.
Impact Bioenergy’s prefabricated bioenergy units are engineered and sized to fit the unique requirements of organizations and communities for onsite bioenergy food/organic waste diversion and that produce useful products that will contribute to faster ROI.
Impact Bioenergy™ is an experienced team of professionals with a singular focus: create a community of bioenergy customers who operate as part of an “open-source” network of small, decentralized facilities to replace disposal/landfills.
We build engineered products and provide the necessary support services to our customers to make new resources from organic materials. We make bioenergy systems happen quickly and cost-effectively.
IMAGINE YOUR OWN BIOENERGY SYSTEM
Portable Bioenergy Systems in the size and capacity that You need, that can convert 1,000 to 35,500 lbs per week of organic waste into renewable energy and biofertilizer. These micro-digester systems can be used in communities, campuses or farm type environments, have odor control and semi-automatic or automatic operation.
Benefits of generating bioenergy and other products from digesters:
-Diverts waste from landfills
-Generates renewable “natural gas” to power vehicles or produce electricity
-Creates local jobs
-Provides organic plant food for farmers and residents
-Decreases costs for small producers like Island Spring Organics tofu factory
-Reduces greenhouse gas emissions
Impact Bioenergy basic units/products:
HORSE AD25 SERIES – High-solids Organic-waste Recycling System with Electrical Output
NAUTILUS AD185 SERIES – High-solids Organic-waste Recycling System with Electrical Output
OX AD550 series solid-phase continuous flow anaerobic digester- also completely portable ranging in size from 8,300 to 42,300 lbs. per week. The OX can digest commingled food, paper, wood, and landscape materials.
BUFFALO Biogas System – designed for offshore fabrication and international markets and is sized for up to 6,700 lbs. per week. It is based on the HORSE but is more cost-effective for developing nations.
The company manufacturers the equipment in the Pacific Northwest and considers simplicity, local equipment sourcing, and local empowerment to be the foundation of success. We focus on proving that a new model of local energy, recycling, and food production can be made possible for any type of need.
What can it cost?
Similar big commercial digesters run from $5-50,000,000. An Impact Bioenergy unit “costs about what a Tesla costs” ~ $70,000.
Impact Bioenergy is presently working on orders coming in across the USA. For potential projects outside of the North America, please feel free to use this link, for interested people to provide more information:
https://forms.gle/5EQJid5qDZazvtVb9 or contact one of our team.
Waste to Pyrolysis Oil and BioChar
The biochar process is ingenious, turning green waste into heat and then returning it to the soil as an agricultural nutrient – Biochar.
No wonder it’s turning a profit!
[and Pyrolysis Oil]
One method/technology is called BioHydrogen and can be accomplished via pyrolisis and pyrolisis oil. Via gasification, pyrolysis oil can be converted to produce Syngas for chemical / biofuel synthesis, pure Hydrogen gas and Fuel gas for heat and power production.
Waste-derived Pyrolysis Oil Market to Close in on USD 500 Mn Valuation by 2029
Waste-derived pyrolysis oil contributes towards waste reduction, is an excellent fuel and energy source. The global waste-derived pyrolysis oil market is projected to reach a value close to USD 500 Mn in a decade, expanding at a moderate CAGR during the forecast period of 2019-2029.
September 16, 2019…..biochar production both creates a long-lasting carbon sink and acts as an environmentally sustainable soil additive that greatly increases the productivity of agricultural land. Hence the buzz around biochar thus far. These qualities alone have been enough to create a global boom in its production, with the global market size reaching $1.3 billion in 2018.
… “During this process, 55 percent of the carbon in the wood becomes char, while a further 20 percent becomes a pyrolisis oil that [,amoung other things,] can be used as a blending stock for asphalt. Road applications of this oil are actually a long-term carbon sink too, because asphalt is recyclable.”
… According to Sampo Tukiainen, CEO of Finnish biochar and production unit producer Carbofex, converting wood to char releases 40 percent of the wood’s latent energy—less than the 80 percent released by straightforward wood burning, but still a substantial amount, and with significantly less carbon output. This heat is then channelled from the production facility to a nearby combined heat and power plant that supplies a district heating system for homes on a neighborhood level.
… The City of Stockholm’s municipal waste and water department currently has five biochar production facilities working exclusively with green waste gathered within the city. Last year, they predicted that by 2020 it will produce at least 8,000 tons of char per year. That production output will be enough heat to warm 500 homes year round, which may not sound like much until you consider that in doing so they will have also sequestered the amount of carbon equivalent to removing 4,200 cars from the road.
…And on top of that, it’s lucrative. The city of Stockholm now sells back its biochar to local boroughs responsible for maintaining parkland. The business seems to work for both sides. Initially, the city estimated that, even giving away a quarter of its char free, it would recoup its investment within eight years and then go on to make an annual €854,000 (USD $945,700) in revenue. That estimate, however, has turned out to be too conservative, says Jonas Dahllöf, planning and development director at Stockholm Water and Waste.
…And remember: this heat is all just a byproduct of something that sequesters carbon and enhances soil, which is its primary reason for being produced. Those properties are arguably still the process’s star attraction, as char greatly improves the fertility of soil by locking in nutrients. According to a recently published environmental research letter from the Institute of Physics, enriching soil with biochar could increase U.S. crop yields by between 4.7 and 6.4 percent, with improvement more marked when applied to less productive soils. That fertility boost has the potential to increase the annual U.S. domestic corn crop by between seven and eight million tons (if applied to all U.S. cornfields), while avoiding the potentially polluting effects of other commercial fertilizers and also leaving the soil in a better state. Currently U.S. agricultural producers constitute the world’s largest market for the substance.
Read more from “reasons to be cheerful”
Could you use one of the Carbofex units?
This booklet provides a resource for other cities who are interested in adopting their own biochar project.
Drawing on Stockholm’s experience, it sets out the keys to the successful implementation of a biochar project in
a city context. https://wasterush.info/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Replicating-in-Stockholm-booklet-manual.pdf
What is interesting about the Carbofex unit is the raw materials that are suitable to use.
Imagine the different countries
where this unit can make
biofuel, heat/energy, biochar
= money from waste.
+Olive pits, Olive cake
+Nut hull / husk
+waste wood chips
+Date pits, palm kernels
OR Fuel from any kind of Municipal waste!
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to Fuel.
right from the collection and/or after pulling recyclable waste…..
Cogent Energy Systems – USE your local waste to Create on-site energy
No matter how small or remote, Cogent users can turn their local waste stream into clean, sustainable energy. In our world, carbon-based waste is a valuable renewable energy source. Globally, MILLIONS of small-scale waste producers are actively searching for a viable solution to their waste destruction and energy generation needs.
Farms, Hospitals, Industrial Parks, Remote Communities, to name just a few…….
Cogent’s core innovation is the process of Ionic Gasification, our unprecedented “molecular approach” to feedstock conversion.
>Hyper-high temperatures of 10,000 degrees Celsius are observed in the core of the reaction zone, breaking down completely into gaseous carbon atoms to clean synthesis gas (syngas), comprised primarily of hydrogen and carbon monoxide.
>Any type of material can be processed, with no sorting required.
>The syngas is used for systems that generate electricity, liquid fuels, hydrogen, and valuable chemicals that clients either use or sell.
>One HelioStorm-based WTE system can convert 4 tons of waste per day into about 3MWh of usable surplus electricity – enough to power more than 100 U.S. households.
This one will take some time to scale down….
And how about the waste in the air? – CO2 Carbon Dioxide.
Waste that we can pull from the air and use somewhere else.
100% CO2 Clean Hydrogen fuel
The technology is here, we have to start using it, BIG.
One to capture and store CO2 in the ground through natural underground mineralization. To me this has the same wrong idea as Horizontal versus Vertical Axel Wind Turbines.
But Climeworks is also working on projects that put the CO2 their technology captures to work.
This was started by increasing the efficacy of vegetable plant growth by increasing the CO2 in closed greenhouse operations.
Climeworks is supplying soda drink companies with the CO2 they need to make “fizz”.
They are providing CO2 direct from ambient air with water which are split using solar energy. This process yields syngas, a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide, that can be processed into kerosene, methanol or other hydrocarbons.
And this is rapidly expanding to projects with the potential to create a carbon-neutral future with Hydrogen Fuel.
Jet fuel from thin air: Aviation’s hope or hype?
Oct. 2019 “This is the future of aviation,” Oskar Meijerink tells me in a café in Rotterdam airport.
His company, in partnership with the airport’s owners, is planning the world’s first commercial production of jet fuel made, in part, from captured carbon dioxide (CO2).
Based right at the airport, it will work by capturing CO2, the gas which contributes to global warming. In a separate process, co-electrolysis splits water into hydrogen and oxygen. The hydrogen is mixed with the captured CO2 to form syngas, which can be transformed into jet fuel.
The pilot plant, which aims to produce 1,000 litres of jet fuel a day, will get its energy from solar panels.
The partners in the project hope to produce the first fuel in 2021.
Here is their most recent project:
SUPPLYING YOUR RENEWABLE FUEL
ON THE ROAD TO CLIMATE NEUTRAL TRANSPORTATION
Norsk e-Fuel is planning Europe’s first commercial plant for hydrogen-based renewable aviation fuel in Norway
• Norsk e-fuel will generate renewable fuels using Climeworks captures CO₂ from air & water
• The water & CO₂ is then transformed to syngas using electrolyser cells, such as those from Sunfire GmbH (Dresden, Germany) with 100% renewable electricity.
• Located in Herøya, Porsgrunn the output of the first plant will provide enough to cut CO2 emissions of the top five domestic aviation routes in Norway in half!
They believe that they will be up and running their first facility by 2023.
The International Energy Agency on Hydrogen
The production and use of low-carbon forms of hydrogen had gained unprecedented momentum before the Covid‑19 crisis. Hydrogen fuel-cell vehicle sales accelerated impressively in 2019, and the early 2020s were expected to be record years for the deployment of electrolyser capacity.
It is essential to ensure that hydrogen technology momentum is not lost during the Covid-19 crisis, and stimulus packages could help secure this objective. Supporting the deployment of Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS) infrastructure and electrolysis manufacturing would not only help maintain momentum, but would accelerate the uptake of hydrogen for sector integration while creating the employment necessary for economic recovery.
The demand for small units needs to be increased! These companies are ready. It is the customers that need to find them.